Journal Article

Photometric selection of emission-line galaxies, clustering analysis and a search for the integrated Sachs–Wolfe effect

Rich Bielby, T. Shanks, U. Sawangwit, S. M. Croom, Nicholas P. Ross and D. A. Wake

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 403, issue 3, pages 1261-1273
Published in print April 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online April 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16219.x
Photometric selection of emission-line galaxies, clustering analysis and a search for the integrated Sachs–Wolfe effect

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We investigate the use of simple colour cuts applied to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) optical imaging to perform photometric selections of emission-line galaxies (ELGs) out to z < 1. Our selection is aimed at discerning three separate redshift ranges: 0.2 ≲z≲ 0.4, 0.4 ≲z≲ 0.6 and 0.6 ≲z≲ 1.0, which we calibrate using data taken by the COMBO-17 survey in a single field (S11). We thus perform colour cuts using the SDSS g, r and i bands and obtain mean photometric redshifts of and . We further calibrate our high-redshift selection using spectroscopic observations with the AAOmega spectrograph on the 4-m Anglo-Australian Telescope, observing ≈50–200 galaxy candidates in four separate fields. With just 1 h of integration time and seeing of ≈ 1.6 arcsec, we successfully determined redshifts for ≈65 per cent of the targeted candidates. We compare our spectroscopic redshifts to the photometric redshifts from the COMBO-17 survey and find reasonable agreement between the two. We calculate the angular correlation functions of these samples and find correlation lengths of r0= 2.78 ± 0.08, 3.71 ± 0.11 and 5.50 ± 0.13 h−1 Mpc for the low-, mid- and high-redshift samples, respectively. Comparing these results with predicted dark matter clustering, we estimate the bias parameter for each sample to be b= 0.72 ± 0.02, b= 0.93 ± 0.03 and b= 1.43 ± 0.03. We calculate the two-point redshift-space autocorrelation function at z≈ 0.6 and find a clustering amplitude of so= 6.4 ± 0.8 h−1 Mpc. Finally, we use our photometric sample to search for the integrated Sachs–Wolfe signal in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 5-yr data. We cross-correlate our three redshift samples with the WMAP W, V, Q and K bands and find an overall trend for a positive signal similar to that expected from models. However, the signal in each is relatively weak, with the results in the WMAP W band being wTg(<100 arcmin) = 0.25 ± 0.27, 0.17 ± 0.20 and 0.17 ± 0.16 μK for the low-, mid- and high-redshift samples, respectively. Combining all three galaxy samples, we find a signal of wTg(<100 arcmin) = 0.20 ± 0.12 μK in the WMAP W band, a significance of 1.7σ. However, in testing for systematics where the WMAP data are rotated with respect to the ELG sample, we found similar results at several different rotation angles, implying the apparent signal may be produced by systematic effects.

Keywords: galaxies: general; galaxies: photometry; galaxies: spiral; cosmic microwave background; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  9444 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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