Journal Article

The long-term evolution of the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar Swift J1756.9−2508

Alessandro Patruno, Diego Altamirano and Chris Messenger

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 403, issue 3, pages 1426-1432
Published in print April 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online April 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16202.x
The long-term evolution of the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar Swift J1756.9−2508

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We present a timing analysis of the 2009 outburst of the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar Swift J1756.9−2508, and a re-analysis of the 2007 outburst. The source shows a short recurrence time of only ∼2 yr between outbursts. Thanks to the approximately 2 yr long baseline of data, we can constrain the magnetic field of the neutron star to be 0.4 × 108B≲ 9 × 108 G, which is within the range of typical accreting millisecond pulsars. The 2009 timing analysis allows us to put constraints on the accretion torque: the spin frequency derivative within the outburst has an upper limit of at the 95 per cent confidence level. A study of pulse profiles and their evolution during the outburst is analysed, suggesting a systematic change of shape that depends on the outburst phase. We report also the first evidence that the pulsed fractions increase with energy even if the source is in the hard state.

Keywords: X-rays: binaries

Journal Article.  5167 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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