Journal Article

Slow <i>m</i>= 1 instabilities of softened gravity Keplerian discs

S. Sridhar and Tarun Deep Saini

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 404, issue 1, pages 527-531
Published in print May 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online April 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Slow m= 1 instabilities of softened gravity Keplerian discs

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We present the simplest model that permits a largely analytical exploration of the m= 1 counter-rotating instability in a ‘hot’ nearly Keplerian disc of collisionless self-gravitating matter. The model consists of a two-component softened gravity disc, whose linear modes are analysed using the Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin approximation. The modes are slow in the sense that their (complex) frequency is smaller than the Keplerian orbital frequency by a factor which is of order the ratio of the disc mass to the mass of the central object. Very simple analytical expressions are derived for the precession frequencies and growth rates of local modes; it is shown that a nearly Keplerian disc must be unrealistically hot to avoid an overstability. Global modes are constructed for the case of zero net rotation.

Keywords: instabilities; stellar dynamics; celestial mechanics; galaxies: nuclei

Journal Article.  3402 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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