Journal Article

Cosmic shear systematics: software–hardware balance

A. Amara, A. Réfrégier and S. Paulin-Henriksson

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 404, issue 2, pages 926-930
Published in print May 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16326.x
Cosmic shear systematics: software–hardware balance

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Cosmic shear measurements rely on our ability to measure and correct the point spread function (PSF) of the observations. This PSF is measured using stars in the field, which give a noisy measure at random points in the field. Using Wiener filtering, we show how errors in this PSF correction process propagate into shear power spectrum errors. This allows us to test future space-based missions, such as Euclid or the Joint Dark Energy Mission, thereby allowing us to set clear engineering specifications on PSF variability. For ground-based surveys, where the variability of the PSF is dominated by the environment, we briefly discuss how our approach can also be used to study the potential of mitigation techniques such as correlating galaxy shapes in different exposures. To illustrate our approach we show that for a Euclid-like survey to be statistics limited, an initial pre-correction PSF ellipticity power spectrum, with a power-law slope of −3, must have an amplitude of less than at ℓ= 1000. This is 200 times smaller than the typical lensing signal at this scale. We also find that the power spectrum of the PSF size () at this scale must be below .

The public code is available as part of iCosmo at http://www.icosmo.org.

Keywords: gravitational lensing; methods: statistical

Journal Article.  3282 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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