Journal Article

Effects of grain shattering by turbulence on extinction curves in starburst galaxies

Hiroyuki Hirashita, Takaya Nozawa, Huirong Yan and Takashi Kozasa

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 404, issue 3, pages 1437-1448
Published in print May 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online May 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Effects of grain shattering by turbulence on extinction curves in starburst galaxies

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Dust grains can be efficiently accelerated and shattered in a warm ionized medium (WIM) because of the turbulent motion. This effect is enhanced in starburst galaxies, where gas is ionized and turbulence is sustained by massive stars. Moreover, dust production by Type II supernovae (SNe II) can be efficient in starburst galaxies. In this paper, we examine the effect of shattering in a WIM on the dust grains produced by SNe II. We find that, although the grains ejected from SNe II are expected to be biased to large sizes (a≳ 0.1 μ m, where a is the grain radius), because of the shock destruction in supernova remnants the shattering in a WIM is efficient enough in ∼5 Myr to produce small grains if the metallicity is nearly solar or more. The production of small grains by shattering steepens the extinction curve. Thus, the steepening of extinction curves by shattering should always be taken into account for systems in which the metallicity is solar and the starburst age is typically greater than 5 Myr. These conditions may be satisfied not only in nearby starburst galaxies but also in high-redshift (z > 5) quasars.

Keywords: turbulence; supernovae: general; dust, extinction; H ii regions; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: starburst

Journal Article.  8498 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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