We present an alternative estimate of the unresolved point source contribution to the WMAP temperature power spectrum based on current knowledge of sources from radio surveys in the 1.4–90 GHz range. We implement a stochastic extrapolation of radio point sources in the NRAO-VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) catalog, from the original 1.4 GHz to the ∼100 GHz frequency range relevant for CMB experiments. With a bootstrap approach, we generate an ensemble of realizations that provides the probability distribution for the flux of each NVSS source at the final frequency. The predicted source counts agree with WMAP results for S > 1 Jy and the corresponding sky maps correlate with WMAP observed maps in Q-, V- and W-bands, for sources with flux S > 0.2 Jy. The low–frequency radio surveys found a steeper frequency dependence for sources just below the WMAP nominal threshold than the one estimated by the WMAP team. This feature is present in our simulations and translates into a shift of 0.3–0.4σ in the estimated value of the tilt of the power spectrum of scalar perturbation, ns, as well as ωc. This approach demonstrates the use of external point sources datasets for CMB data analysis.
Keywords: cosmic background radiation; cosmology: observations; radio continuum: galaxies; radio continuum: general
Journal Article. 9196 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics
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