Journal Article

Constraining dark matter halo properties using lensed Supernova Legacy Survey supernovae

J. Jönsson, M. Sullivan, I. Hook, S. Basa, R. Carlberg, A. Conley, D. Fouchez, D. A. Howell, K. Perrett and C. Pritchet

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 405, issue 1, pages 535-544
Published in print June 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Constraining dark matter halo properties using lensed Supernova Legacy Survey supernovae

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This paper exploits the gravitational magnification of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) to measure properties of dark matter haloes. Gravitationally magnified and de-magnified SNe Ia should be brighter and fainter than average, respectively. The magnification of individual SNe Ia can be computed using observed properties of foreground galaxies and dark matter halo models. We model the dark matter haloes of the galaxies as truncated singular isothermal spheres with velocity dispersion and truncation radius obeying luminosity-dependent scaling laws.

A homogeneously selected sample of 175 SNe Ia from the first 3 yr of the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) in the redshift range 0.2 ≲z≲ 1 is used to constrain models of the dark matter haloes associated with foreground galaxies. The best-fitting velocity dispersion scaling law agrees well with galaxy–galaxy lensing measurements. We further find that the normalization of the velocity dispersion of passive and star-forming galaxies are consistent with empirical Faber–Jackson and Tully–Fisher relations, respectively. If we make no assumption on the normalization of these relations, we find that the data prefer gravitational lensing at the 92 per cent confidence level. Using recent models of dust extinction, we deduce that the impact of this effect on our results is very small.

We also investigate the brightness scatter of SNe Ia due to gravitational lensing, which has implications for SN Ia cosmology. The gravitational lensing scatter is approximately proportional to the SN Ia redshift. We find the constant of proportionality to be B≃ 0.055+0.039−0.041 mag (B≲ 0.12 mag at the 95 per cent confidence level). If this model is correct, the contribution from lensing to the intrinsic brightness scatter of SNe Ia is small for the SNLS sample. According to the best-fitting dark matter model, gravitational lensing should, however, contribute significantly to the brightness scatter at z≳ 1.6.

Keywords: gravitational lensing; supernovae: general; galaxies: haloes; dark matter

Journal Article.  7087 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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