Journal Article

A <i>Hubble Space Telescope</i> NICMOS and ACS morphological study of <i>z</i>∼ 2 submillimetre galaxies

A. M. Swinbank, Ian Smail, S. C. Chapman, C. Borys, D. M. Alexander, A. W. Blain, C. J. Conselice, L. J. Hainline and R. J. Ivison

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 405, issue 1, pages 234-244
Published in print June 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16485.x
A Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS and ACS morphological study of z∼ 2 submillimetre galaxies

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We present a quantitative morphological analysis using Hubble Space Telescope Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer H160-band imaging and Advanced Camera for Surveys I775-band imaging of 25 spectroscopically confirmed submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) which have redshifts between (). Our analysis also employs a comparison sample of more typical star-forming galaxies at similar redshifts (such as Lyman-break Galaxies) which have lower far-infrared luminosities. This is the first large-scale study of the morphologies of SMGs in the near-infrared at ∼ 0.1 arcsec resolution (≲1 kpc). We find that the half-light radii of the SMGs (rh= 2.3 ± 0.3 and 2.8 ± 0.4 kpc in the observed I and H bands, respectively) and asymmetries are not statistically distinct from the comparison sample of star-forming galaxies. However, we demonstrate that the SMG morphologies differ more between the rest-frame UV and optical bands than typical star-forming galaxies and interpret this as evidence for structured dust obscuration. We show that the composite observed H-band light profile of SMGs is better fitted with a high Sersic index (n∼ 2) than with an exponential disc suggesting the stellar structure of SMGs is best described by a spheroid/elliptical galaxy light distribution. We also compare the sizes and stellar masses of SMGs to local and high-redshift populations and find that the SMGs have stellar densities which are comparable to (or slightly larger than) local early-type galaxies and comparable to luminous, red and dense galaxies at z∼ 1.5 which have been proposed as direct SMG descendants, although the SMG stellar masses and sizes are systematically larger. Overall, our results suggest that the physical processes occurring within the galaxies are too complex to be simply characterized by the rest-frame UV/optical morphologies which appear to be essentially decoupled from all other observables, such as bolometric luminosity, stellar or dynamical mass.

Keywords: galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: high-redshift; submillimetre

Journal Article.  6863 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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