Journal Article

The impact of AGN feedback and baryonic cooling on galaxy clusters as gravitational lenses

James M. G. Mead, Lindsay J. King, Debora Sijacki, Adrienne Leonard, Ewald Puchwein and Ian G. McCarthy

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 406, issue 1, pages 434-444
Published in print July 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16674.x
The impact of AGN feedback and baryonic cooling on galaxy clusters as gravitational lenses

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We investigate the impact of active galactic nucleus (AGN) feedback on the gravitational lensing properties of a sample of galaxy clusters with masses in the range 1014–1015 M, using state-of-the-art simulations. Adopting a ray-tracing algorithm, we compute the cross-section of giant arcs from clusters simulated with dark matter (DM) only physics, DM plus gas with cooling and star formation (CSF) and DM plus gas with cooling, star formation and AGN feedback (CSFBH). Once AGN feedback is included, baryonic physics boosts the strong-lensing cross-section by much less than previously estimated using clusters simulated with only CSF. For a cluster with a virial mass of 7.4 × 1014 M, inclusion of baryonic physics without feedback can boost the cross-section by as much as a factor of 3, in agreement with previous studies, whereas once AGN feedback is included this maximal figure falls to a factor of 2 at most. Typically, clusters simulated with DM and CSFBH physics have similar cross-sections for the production of giant arcs. We also investigate how baryonic physics affects the weak-lensing properties of the simulated clusters by fitting NFW profiles to synthetic weak-lensing data sets using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach, and by performing non-parametric mass reconstructions. Without the inclusion of AGN feedback, measured concentration parameters can be much larger than those obtained with AGN feedback, which are similar to the DM-only case.

Keywords: gravitational lensing: strong; gravitational lensing: weak; galaxies: clusters: general; cosmology: observations; cosmology: theory

Journal Article.  6720 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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