Journal Article

Offset between dark matter and ordinary matter: evidence from a sample of 38 lensing clusters of galaxies

HuanYuan Shan, Bo Qin, Bernard Fort, Charling Tao, Xiang-Ping Wu and HongSheng Zhao

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 406, issue 2, pages 1134-1139
Published in print August 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16739.x
Offset between dark matter and ordinary matter: evidence from a sample of 38 lensing clusters of galaxies

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We compile a sample of 38 galaxy clusters which have both X-ray and strong lensing observations, and study for each cluster the projected offset between the dominant component of baryonic matter centre (measured by X-rays) and the gravitational centre (measured by strong lensing). Among the total sample, 45 per cent clusters have offsets >10 arcsec. The >10 arcsec separations are significant, considering the arcsecond precision in the measurement of the lensing/X-ray centres. This suggests that it might be a common phenomenon in unrelaxed galaxy clusters that gravitational field is separated spatially from the dominant component of baryonic matter. It also has consequences for lensing models of unrelaxed clusters since the gas mass distribution may differ from the dark matter distribution and give perturbations to the modelling. Such offsets can be used as a statistical tool for comparison with the results of Lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM) simulations and to test the modified dynamics.

Keywords: gravitational lensing: strong; dark matter; X-rays: galaxies: clusters

Journal Article.  4739 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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