Journal Article

The lensing efficiencies of MACS X-ray-selected versus RCS optically selected galaxy clusters

Assaf Horesh, Dan Maoz, Harald Ebeling, Gregor Seidel and Matthias Bartelmann

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 406, issue 2, pages 1318-1336
Published in print August 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16763.x
The lensing efficiencies of MACS X-ray-selected versus RCS optically selected galaxy clusters

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The statistics of strongly lensed arcs in samples of galaxy clusters provide information on cluster structure that is complementary to that from individual clusters. However, samples of clusters that have been analysed to date have been either small, heterogeneous or observed with limited angular resolution. We measure the lensed-arc statistics of 97 clusters imaged at high angular resolution with the Hubble Space Telescope, identifying lensed arcs using two automated arc-detection algorithms. The sample includes similar numbers of X-ray-selected [MAssive Cluster Survey (MACS)] and optically selected [Red-Sequence Cluster Survey (RCS)] clusters, and spans cluster redshifts in the range 0.2 < z < 1. We compile a catalogue of 42 arcs in the X-ray-selected subsample and seven arcs in the optical subsample. All but five of these arcs are reported here for the first time. At 0.3 ≤z≤ 0.7, the X-ray-selected clusters have a significantly higher mean frequency of arcs, 1.2 ± 0.2 per cluster, versus 0.2 ± 0.1 in the optical sample. The strikingly different lensing efficiencies indicate that X-ray clusters trace much larger mass concentrations, despite the similar optical luminosities of the X-ray and optical clusters. The mass difference is supported also by the lower space density of the X-ray clusters and by the small Einstein radii of the few arcs in the optical sample. Higher order effects, such as differences in concentration or substructure, may also contribute.

Keywords: galaxies: clusters: general; gravitational lensing: strong

Journal Article.  8279 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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