Journal Article

Lensing magnification: implications for counts of submillimetre galaxies and SZ clusters

Marcos Lima, Bhuvnesh Jain and Mark Devlin

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 406, issue 4, pages 2352-2372
Published in print August 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16884.x
Lensing magnification: implications for counts of submillimetre galaxies and SZ clusters

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We study lensing magnification of source galaxies by intervening galaxy groups and clusters using a halo model. Haloes are modelled with truncated NFW profiles with ellipticity added to their lensing potential and propagated to observable lensing statistics. We present the formalism to calculate observable effects due to a distribution of haloes of different masses at different redshifts along the line of sight. We calculate the effects of magnification on the number counts of high-redshift galaxies. Using Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimetre Telescope (BLAST) survey data for submillimetre galaxies (SMGs), we find that magnification affects the steep, high flux part of the counts by about 60 per cent. The effect becomes much stronger if the intrinsic distribution is significantly steeper than observed. We also consider the effect of this high-redshift galaxy population on contaminating the Sunyaev–Zel'dovich (SZ) signal of massive clusters using the halo model approach. We find that for the majority of clusters expected to be detected with ongoing SZ surveys, there is significant contamination from the Poisson noise due to background SMGs. This contribution can be comparable to the SZ increment for typical clusters and can also contaminate the SZ decrement of low-mass clusters. Thus, SZ observations, especially for the increment part of the SZ spectrum, need to include careful modelling of this irreducible contamination for mass estimation. Lensing further enhances the contamination, especially close to the cores of massive clusters and for very disturbed clusters with large magnification cross-section.

Keywords: gravitational lensing: strong; galaxies: clusters: general; cosmology: observations; submillimetre: galaxies

Journal Article.  9373 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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