Journal Article

Clustering of radio galaxies and quasars

E. Donoso, Cheng Li, G. Kauffmann, P. N. Best and T. M. Heckman

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 2, pages 1078-1089
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16907.x
Clustering of radio galaxies and quasars

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We compute the cross-correlation between a sample of 14 000 radio-loud active galactic nuclei (RLAGN) with redshifts between 0.4 and 0.8 selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and a reference sample of 1.2 million luminous red galaxies in the same redshift range. We quantify how the clustering of RLAGN depends on host galaxy mass and on radio luminosity. RLAGN are clustered more strongly on all scales than control samples of radio-quiet galaxies with the same stellar masses and redshifts, but the differences are largest on scales less than ∼1 Mpc. In addition, the clustering amplitude of the RLAGN varies significantly with radio luminosity on scales less than ∼1 Mpc. This suggests that the gaseous environment of a galaxy on the scale of its dark matter halo, plays a key role in determining not only the probability that a galaxy is RLAGN, but also the total luminosity of the radio jet. Next, we compare the clustering of radio galaxies with that of radio-loud quasars in the same redshift range. Unified models predict that both types of active nuclei should cluster in the same way. Our data show that most RLAGN are clustered more strongly than radio-loud QSOs, even when the AGN and QSO samples are matched in both black hole mass and radio luminosity. Only the most extreme RLAGN and radio-loud QSOs (RLQSOs) in our sample, with radio luminosities in excess of ∼1026 W Hz−1, have similar clustering properties. The majority of the strongly evolving RLAGN population at redshifts ∼0.5 are found in different environments to the quasars, and hence must be triggered by a different physical mechanism.

Keywords: galaxies: active; galaxies: evolution; quasars: general; radio continuum: galaxies

Journal Article.  9311 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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