Journal Article

Differential rotation measurement of soft X-ray corona

Satish Chandra, Hari Om Vats and K. N. Iyer

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 2, pages 1108-1115
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Differential rotation measurement of soft X-ray corona

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The aim of this paper is to study the latitudinal variation in the solar rotation in soft X-ray corona. The time series bins are formed on different latitude regions of the solar full disc (SFD) images that extend from 80°S to 80°N. These SFD images are obtained with the soft X-ray telescope (SXT) on board the Yohkoh solar observatory. The autocorrelation analyses are performed with the time series that track the SXR flux modulations in the solar corona. Then for each year, extending from 1992 to 2001, we obtain the coronal sidereal rotation rate as a function of the latitude. The present analysis from SXR radiation reveals that: (i) the equatorial rotation rate of the corona is comparable to the rotation rate of the photosphere and the chromosphere, (ii) the differential profile with respect to the latitude varies throughout the period of the study; it was more in the year 1999 and least in 1994, and (iii) the equatorial rotation period varies systematically with sunspot numbers and indicates its dependence on the phases of the solar activity cycle.

Keywords: Sun: corona; Sun: rotation; Sun: X-rays, gamma-rays

Journal Article.  4539 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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