Journal Article

Excess AGN activity in the <i>z</i>= 2.30 Protocluster in HS 1700+64

J. A. Digby-North, K. Nandra, E. S. Laird, C. C. Steidel, A. Georgakakis, M. Bogosavljević, D. K. Erb, A. E. Shapley, N. A. Reddy and J. Aird

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 2, pages 846-853
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16977.x
Excess AGN activity in the z= 2.30 Protocluster in HS 1700+64

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We present the results of spectroscopic, narrow-band and X-ray observations of a z= 2.30 protocluster in the field of the QSO HS 1700+643. Using a sample of BX/MD galaxies, which are selected to be at z∼ 2.2–2.7 by their rest-frame ultraviolet colours, we find that there are five protocluster AGN which have been identified by characteristic emission-lines in their optical/near-IR spectra; this represents an enhancement over the field significant at >98.5 per cent confidence. Using a ∼200-ks Chandra/ACIS-I observation of this field we detect a total of 161 X-ray point sources to a Poissonian false-probability limit of 4 × 10−6 and identify eight of these with BX/MD galaxies. Two of these are spectroscopically confirmed protocluster members and are also classified as emission-line AGN. When compared to a similarly selected field sample, the analysis indicates this is also evidence for an enhancement of X-ray selected BX/MD AGN over the field, significant at >99 per cent confidence. Deep Lyα narrow-band imaging reveals that a total of 4/123 Lyα emitters (LAEs) are found to be associated with X-ray sources, with two of these confirmed protocluster members and one highly likely member. We do not find a significant enhancement of AGN activity in this LAE sample over that of the field (result is significant at only 87 per cent confidence). The X-ray emitting AGN fractions for the BX/MD and LAE samples are found to be 6.9+9.2−4.4 and 2.9+2.9−1.6 per cent, respectively, for protocluster AGN with L2-10 keV≥ 4.6 × 1043 erg s−1 at z= 2.30. These findings are similar to results from the z= 3.09 protocluster in the SSA 22 field found by Lehmer et al. (2009), in that both suggest AGN activity is favoured in dense environments at z > 2.

Keywords: galaxies: active; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: high-redshift; surveys; X-rays: general

Journal Article.  6966 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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