Journal Article

Detection of a magnetic field on HD 108: clues to extreme magnetic braking and the Of?p phenomenon*

F. Martins, J.-F. Donati, W. L. F. Marcolino, J.-C. Bouret, G. A. Wade, C. Escolano and I. D. Howarth

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 3, pages 1423-1432
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17005.x
Detection of a magnetic field on HD 108: clues to extreme magnetic braking and the Of?p phenomenon*

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We report the detection of a magnetic field on the Of?p star HD 108. Spectropolarimetric observations conducted in 2007, 2008 and 2009, respectively, with NARVAL@Télescope Bernard Lyot (TBL) and Echelle SpectroPolarimetric Device for the Observation of Stars at Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (ESPaDOnS@CFHT) reveal a clear Zeeman signature in the average Stokes V profile, stable on time-scales of days to months and slowly increasing in amplitude on time-scales of years. We speculate that this time-scale is the same as that on which Hα emission is varying and is equal to the rotation period of the star. The corresponding longitudinal magnetic field, measured during each of the three seasons, increases slowly from 100 to 150 G, implying that the polar strength of the putatively dipolar large-scale magnetic field of HD 108 is at least 0.5 kG and most likely of the order of 1–2 kG.

The stellar and wind properties are derived through a quantitative spectroscopic analysis with the code cmfgen. The effective temperature is difficult to constrain because of the unusually strong He i λλ4471, 5876 lines. Values in the range of 33 000–37 000 K are preferred. A mass-loss rate of about 10−7 M yr−1 (with a clumping factor f= 0.01) and a wind terminal velocity of 2000 km s−1 are derived. The wind confinement parameter η is larger than 100, implying that the wind of HD 108 is magnetically confined.

Stochastic short-term variability is observed in the wind-sensitive lines but not in the photospheric lines, excluding the presence of pulsations. Material infall in the confined wind is the most likely origin for lines formed in the inner wind. Wind clumping also probably causes part of the Hα variability. The projected rotational velocity of HD 108 is lower than 50 km s−1, consistent with the spectroscopic and photometric variation time-scales of a few decades. Overall, HD 108 is very similar to the magnetic O star HD 191612 except for an even slower rotation.

Keywords: stars: magnetic field; stars: massive; stars: winds, outflows

Journal Article.  7158 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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