Journal Article

A moderate cooling flow phase at galaxy formation

Noam Soker

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 4, pages 2355-2361
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17053.x
A moderate cooling flow phase at galaxy formation

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I study the possibility that a cooling flow (CF) exists at the main phase of supermassive black hole (SMBH) growth during galaxy formation. To ensure that jets launched by the SMBH efficiently expel gas from the galaxy, as is required by recent results, the gas should be in the hot phase, rather than in cold clouds. The short radiative cooling time of the hot gas leads to the formation of a CF, but heating by the active galactic nucleus prevents catastrophic cooling. Cold blobs that start as instabilities in the hot phase feed the SMBH from an extended region, form an accretion disc, and lead to the formation of jets. These jets can expel large quantities of gas out of the galaxy. This cycle, which is termed the cold feedback mechanism in CFs in clusters of galaxies, might explain the correlation of SMBH to bulge masses. Stars are formed, but at a lower rate than what is expected when heating is not included. Such a CF is termed a moderate CF.

Keywords: galaxies: bulges; galaxies: jets

Journal Article.  6633 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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