Journal Article

Multiwavelength afterglow light curves from magnetized gamma-ray burst flows

P. Mimica, D. Giannios and M. A. Aloy

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 4, pages 2501-2510
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17071.x
Multiwavelength afterglow light curves from magnetized gamma-ray burst flows

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We use high-resolution relativistic magnetohydrodynamics simulations coupled with a radiative transfer code to compute multiwavelength afterglow light curves of magnetized ejecta of gamma-ray bursts interacting with a uniform circumburst medium. The aim of our study is to determine how the magnetization of the ejecta at large distance from the central engine influences the afterglow emission, and to assess whether observations can be reliably used to infer the strength of the magnetic field. We find that, for typical parameters of the ejecta, the emission from the reverse shock peaks for magnetization σ0∼ 0.01–0.1 of the flow, and that it is greatly suppressed for higher σ0. The emission from the forward shock shows an achromatic break shortly after the end of the burst marking the onset of the self-similar evolution of the blast wave. Fitting the early afterglow of GRBs 990123 and 090102 with our numerical models we infer respective magnetizations of σ0∼ 0.01 and σ0∼ 0.1 for these bursts. We argue that the lack of observed reverse shock emission from the majority of the bursts can be understood if σ0≳ 0.1, since we obtain that the luminosity of the reverse shock decreases significantly for σ0∼ 1. For ejecta with σ0≳ 0.1 our models predict that there is sufficient energy left in the magnetic field, at least during an interval of ∼ 10 times the burst duration, to produce a substantial emission if the magnetic energy can be dissipated (for instance, due to resistive effects) and radiated away.

Keywords: hydrodynamics; MHD; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; radiative transfer; shock waves; gamma-ray burst: general

Journal Article.  8345 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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