Journal Article

Infrared-correlated 31-GHz radio emission from Orion East

C. Dickinson, S. Casassus, R. D. Davies, J. R. Allison, R. Bustos, K. Cleary, R. J. Davis, M. E. Jones, T. J. Pearson, A. C. S. Readhead, R. Reeves, A. C. Taylor, C. T. Tibbs and R. A. Watson

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 407, issue 4, pages 2223-2229
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17079.x
Infrared-correlated 31-GHz radio emission from Orion East

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Lynds dark cloud LDN1622 represents one of the best examples of anomalous dust emission, possibly originating from small spinning dust grains. We present Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) 31-GHz data of LDN1621, a diffuse dark cloud to the north of LDN1622 in a region known as Orion East. A broken ring-like structure with diameter ≈20 arcmin of diffuse emission is detected at 31 GHz, at ≈20–30 mJy beam−1 with an angular resolution of ≈5 arcmin. The ring-like structure is highly correlated with far-infrared (FIR) emission at 12–100 μm with correlation coefficients of r≈ 0.7–0.8, significant at ∼10σ. The FIR-correlated emission at 31 GHz therefore appears to be mostly due to radiation associated with dust. Multifrequency data are used to place constraints on other components of emission that could be contributing to the 31-GHz flux. An analysis of the GB6 survey maps at 4.85 GHz yields a 3σ upper limit on free–free emission of 7.2 mJy beam−1 (≲30 per cent of the observed flux) at the CBI resolution. The bulk of the 31-GHz flux therefore appears to be mostly due to dust radiation. Aperture photometry, at an angular resolution of 13 arcmin and with an aperture of diameter 30 arcmin, allowed the use of IRAS maps and the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5-yr W-band map at 93.5 GHz. A single modified blackbody model was fitted to the data to estimate the contribution from thermal dust, which amounts to ∼10 per cent at 31 GHz. In this model, an excess of 1.52 ± 0.66 Jy (2.3σ) is seen at 31 GHz. Correlations with the IRAS 100 μm gave a coupling coefficient of 18.1 ± 4.4 μK (MJy sr−1)−1, consistent with the values found for LDN1622.

Keywords: radiation mechanisms: general; ISM: clouds; radio continuum: ISM

Journal Article.  5726 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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