Journal Article

Towards the use of asteroseismology to investigate the nature of dark matter

Jordi Casanellas and Ilídio Lopes

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 410, issue 1, pages 535-540
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online December 2010 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Towards the use of asteroseismology to investigate the nature of dark matter

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The annihilation of huge quantities of captured dark matter (DM) particles inside low-mass stars has been shown to change some of the stellar properties, such as the star's effective temperature or the way the energy is transported throughout the star. While in the classical picture, without DM, a star of 1 M is expected to have a radiative interior during the main sequence, the same star evolving in a halo of DM with a density ρχ > 108 GeV cm−3 will develop a convective core in order to evacuate the energy from DM annihilation in a more efficient way. This convective core leaves a discontinuity in the density and sound-speed profiles that can be detected by the analysis of the stellar oscillations. In this paper we present an approach towards the use of asteroseismology to detect the signature produced by the presence of DM inside a star, and we propose a new methodology to infer the properties of a DM halo from the stellar oscillations (such as the product of the DM density and the DM particle-nucleon scattering cross-section).

Keywords: asteroseismology; stars: fundamental parameters; stars: interiors; stars: low-mass; Galaxy: centre; dark matter

Journal Article.  4088 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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