Journal Article

A selection of hot subluminous stars in the <i>GALEX</i> survey – I. Correlation with the Guide Star Catalog*

S. Vennes, A. Kawka and P. Németh

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 410, issue 3, pages 2095-2112
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17584.x
A selection of hot subluminous stars in the GALEX survey – I. Correlation with the Guide Star Catalog*

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We assembled a catalogue of bright, hot subdwarf and white dwarf stars extracted from a joint ultraviolet, optical and infrared source list. The selection is secured using colour criteria that correlate well with effective temperatures Teff≳ 12 000 K. We built a NUVV versus VJ diagram for ≳60 000 bright sources using the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) NUV magnitude (NUV < 14), the associated Guide Star Catalog (GSC2.3.2) photographic quick-V magnitude and the Two-Micron All-Sky Survey J and H magnitudes. This distillation process delivered a catalogue of ≈700 sources with NUVV < 0.5 comprising ∼160 known hot subdwarf stars and another ∼60 known white dwarf stars. A reduced proper-motion diagram built using the proper-motion measurements extracted from the Naval Observatory Merged Astrometric Dataset allowed us to identify an additional ∼120 new hot subdwarf candidates and ∼10 hot white dwarf candidates. We present a spectroscopic study of a subset of 52 subdwarfs, 48 of them analysed here for the first time, and with nine objects brighter than V ∼ 12. Our sample of spectroscopically confirmed hot subdwarfs comprises 10 sdO-type stars and 42 sdB-type stars suitable for pulsation and binary studies. We also present a study of 50 known white dwarfs selected in the GALEX survey and six new white dwarfs from our catalogue of subluminous candidates. Ultraviolet, optical and infrared synthetic magnitudes employed in the selection and analysis of white dwarf stars are listed in appendix.

Keywords: stars: fundamental parameters; subdwarfs; white dwarfs; ultraviolet: stars

Journal Article.  10701 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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