Journal Article

On the source of dense outflows from T Tauri stars – III. Winds driven from the star–disc shear layer

Ana I. Gómez de Castro and Brigitta von Rekowski

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 411, issue 2, pages 849-858
Published in print February 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online February 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17726.x
On the source of dense outflows from T Tauri stars – III. Winds driven from the star–disc shear layer

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Ultraviolet observations of classical T Tauri Stars (cTTSs) have shown that there is a hot (Te≃ 80 000 K) and dense (ne≃ 1010 cm−3) component associated with the large-scale jet. This hot component is formed very close to the base of the jet providing fundamental information on the jet formation mechanism. In this series, we have investigated whether this component can be formed in disc winds, either cool or warm. To conclude the series, jet launching from the interface between the magnetic rotor (the star) and the disc is studied. Synthetic profiles are calculated from numerical simulations of outflow launching by star–disc interaction. Profiles are calculated for several possible configurations of the stellar field: dipolar (with surface strengths B* of 1, 2 and 5 kG) or dynamo fed. Also two types of discs, passive or subjected to an αΩ-dynamo, are considered. These profiles have been used to define the locus of the various models in the observational diagram: dispersion versus centroid, for the profiles of the Si iii] line. Bulk motions produce an increasing broadening of the profile as the lever arm launching the jet becomes more efficient; predicted profiles are however sensitive to the disc inclination. Models are compared with observations of the Si iii] lines obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope.

In addition, it is shown that the non-stationary nature of star–disc winds produce a flickering of the profile during quiescence with variations in the line flux of about 10 per cent. At outburst, accretion signatures appear in the profiles together with an enhancement of the wind, producing the correlation between accretion and outflow as reported from RU Lup, AA Tau and RW Aur observations.

Keywords: stars: formation; stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be; stars: winds, outflows; ISM: jets and outflows

Journal Article.  7493 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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