Journal Article

A carbon-enhanced metal-poor damped Lyα system: probing gas from Population III nucleosynthesis?*

Ryan Cooke, Max Pettini, Charles C. Steidel, Gwen C. Rudie and Regina A. Jorgenson

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 412, issue 2, pages 1047-1058
Published in print April 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online March 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17966.x
A carbon-enhanced metal-poor damped Lyα system: probing gas from Population III nucleosynthesis?*

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We present high-resolution observations of an extremely metal-poor damped Lyα system (DLA), at zabs= 2.340 0972 in the spectrum of the QSO J0035−0918, exhibiting an abundance pattern consistent with model predictions for the supernova yields of Population III stars. Specifically, this DLA has [Fe/H]≃−3, shows a clear ‘odd–even’ effect, and is C-rich with [C/Fe]=+1.53, a factor of ∼20 greater than reported in any other DLA. In analogy to the carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars in the Galactic halo (with [C/Fe] > +1.0), this is the first known case of a carbon-enhanced DLA. We determine an upper limit to the mass of 12C, M(12C) ≤ 200 M, which depends on the unknown gas density n(H); if n(H) > 1 cm−3 (which is quite likely for this DLA given its low velocity dispersion), then M(12C) ≤ 2 M, consistent with pollution by only a few prior supernovae. We speculate that DLAs such as the one discovered here may represent the ‘missing link’ between the yields of Population III stars and their later incorporation in the class of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars which show no enhancement of neutron-capture elements (CEMP-no stars).

Keywords: stars: carbon; stars: Population III; galaxies: abundances; galaxies: evolution; quasars: absorption lines; quasars: individual: J0035−0918

Journal Article.  9609 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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