Journal Article

Using the topology of large-scale structure to constrain dark energy

Caroline Zunckel, J. Richard Gott and Ragnhild Lunnan

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 412, issue 2, pages 1401-1408
Published in print April 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online March 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Using the topology of large-scale structure to constrain dark energy

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The use of standard rulers, such as the scale of the baryonic acoustic oscillations (BAOs), has become one of the more powerful techniques employed in Cosmology to probe the entity driving the accelerating expansion of the Universe. In this paper, the topology of large-scale structure (LSS) is used as one such standard ruler to study mysterious ‘dark energy’. By following the redshift evolution of the clustering of luminous red galaxies as measured by their 3D topology (counting structures in the cosmic web), we can chart the expansion rate and extract information about the equation of state of dark energy. Using the technique first introduced in Park & Kim, we evaluate the constraints that can be achieved using 3D topology measurements from next-generation LSS surveys, such as the Baryonic Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey. In conjunction with the information that will be available from the Planck satellite, we find a single topology measurement on three different scales is capable of constraining a single dark energy parameter to within 5–10 per cent when dynamics are permitted. This offers an alternative use of the data available from redshift surveys and serves as a cross-check for BAO studies.

Keywords: dark energy; distance scale; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  6469 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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