Journal Article

The Daytime Craterids, a radar-detected meteor shower outburst from hyperbolic comet C/2007 W1 (Boattini)

P. A. Wiegert, P. G. Brown, R. J. Weryk and D. K. Wong

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 414, issue 1, pages 668-676
Published in print June 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18432.x
The Daytime Craterids, a radar-detected meteor shower outburst from hyperbolic comet C/2007 W1 (Boattini)

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We report a new daytime meteor shower detected with the Canadian Meteor Orbit Radar (CMOR). This shower has a radiant in the southern constellation Crater. The Daytime Craterid shower was observed in 2003 and 2008 but not in any of the other years in the 2002–09 interval. The strength of this shower in the years observed is equivalent to a daily averaged zenithal hourly rate (ZHR) over 30, with a peak ZHR likely much higher at the time of the outburst. The orbital elements of the shower closely match those of Comet C/2007 W1 (Boattini), which passed perihelion in 2007. The orbit of C/2007 W1 is nominally hyperbolic orbit making this the first meteor shower detected from a clearly unbound comet. The 2003 outburst of the Daytime Craterid shower indicates that this comet must have recently been transferred to an unbound orbit from a bound one, likely through a close encounter with a giant planet. As a result we conclude that this shower provides us with one of the few examples of showers originating from the population of nearly isotropic comets. The stream is difficult to model owing to its proximity to the orbits of Jupiter, Saturn and the Earth. However, the intermittent nature of the shower can be largely understood from numerical simulations. No outbursts of similar strength are expected in the next decade, with the possible exception of 2015.

Keywords: comets: individual: C/2007 W1 (Boattini); meteorites, meteors, meteoroids

Journal Article.  6425 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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