Journal Article

The distance and internal composition of the neutron star in EXO 0748−676 with <i>XMM–Newton</i>

Guobao Zhang, Mariano Méndez, Peter Jonker and Beike Hiemstra

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 414, issue 2, pages 1077-1081
Published in print June 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18443.x
The distance and internal composition of the neutron star in EXO 0748−676 with XMM–Newton

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Recently, the neutron star X-ray binary EXO 0748−676 underwent a transition to quiescence. We analysed an XMM–Newton observation of this source in quiescence, where we fitted the spectrum with two different neutron star atmosphere models. From the fits we constrained the allowed parameter space in the mass–radius diagram for this source for an assumed range of distances to the system. Comparing the results with different neutron star equations of state, we constrained the distance to EXO 0748−676. We found that strange quark matter equation of state is consistent with the mass and radius from our fits only if EXO 0748−676 is at a distance of less than 5 kpc, whereas the normal neutron star equation of state is consistent with our best-fitting mass and radius if the distance is ∼7 kpc, as deduced from properties of the X-ray bursts.

Keywords: dense matter; equation of state; stars: individual: EXO 0748−676; stars: neutron; X-rays: binaries

Journal Article.  3538 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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