Journal Article

Evidence for a merger-revived radio phoenix in MaxBCG J217.95869+13.53470

G. A. Ogrean, M. Brüggen, R. van Weeren, A. Simionescu, H. Röttgering and J. H. Croston

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 414, issue 2, pages 1175-1182
Published in print June 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Evidence for a merger-revived radio phoenix in MaxBCG J217.95869+13.53470

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We use XMM–Newton observations of the galaxy cluster MaxBCG J217.95869+13.53470 to analyse its physical properties and dynamical state. MaxBCG J217.95869+13.53470 is found at a redshift of 0.16, has a mass of ∼1 × 1014 M and a luminosity of 7.9 × 1043 erg s−1. The temperature map shows the presence of hot regions towards the north and west of the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG). From the entropy distribution, regions of high entropy match the location of the hot regions; more high-entropy regions are found to the west, and ∼165 kpc to the southwest of the central active galactic nucleus. A second X-ray bright galaxy is visible ∼90 kpc to the north-east of the BCG, at a redshift of 0.162. This galaxy is likely to be the BCG of a smaller, infalling galaxy cluster. The mass of the smaller cluster is ∼10 per cent the mass of MaxBCG J217.95869+13.53470, yielding an impact parameter of ∼30–100 kpc. We compare the results of our X-ray observations with Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) observations of the radio source VLSS J1431.8+1331, located at the centre of the cluster. Two sources are visible in the radio: a central elongated source that bends at its northern and southern ends, and a south-western source that coincides with a region of high entropy. The radio sources are connected by a bridge of faint radio emission. We speculate that the south-western radio source is a radio relic produced by compression of old radio plasma by a merger shock.

Keywords: shock waves; galaxies: clusters: individual: MaxBCG J217.95869+13.53470; X-rays: galaxies: clusters

Journal Article.  5585 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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