Journal Article

Expected properties of the two-point autocorrelation function of the intergalactic medium

E. Ursino, E. Branchini, M. Galeazzi, F. Marulli, L. Moscardini, L. Piro, M. Roncarelli and Y. Takei

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 414, issue 4, pages 2970-2984
Published in print July 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18597.x
Expected properties of the two-point autocorrelation function of the intergalactic medium

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Recent analyses of the fluctuations of the soft diffuse X-ray background (DXB) have provided indirect detection of a component consistent with the elusive warm-hot intergalactic medium (WHIM). In this work we use theoretical predictions obtained from hydrodynamical simulations to investigate the angular correlation properties of the WHIM in emission and assess the possibility of indirect detection with next-generation X-ray missions. Our results indicate that the angular correlation signal of the WHIM is generally weak but dominates the angular correlation function of the DXB outside virialized regions. Its indirect detection is possible but requires rather long exposure times [0.1–1] Ms, large (∼1°× 1°) fields of view and accurate subtraction of isotropic fore/background contributions, mostly contributed by Galactic emission. The angular correlation function of the WHIM, which turns out to be positive for θ < 5 arcmin, provides limited information on its spatial distribution. A satisfactory characterization of the WHIM in 3D can be obtained through spatially resolved spectroscopy. 1 Ms long exposures with next generation detectors will allow to detect ∼400 O vii+O viii X-ray emission systems that could be used to trace the spatial distribution of the WHIM. We predict that these observations will allow us to estimate the WHIM correlation function with high statistical significance out to ∼10 Mpc h−1 and characterize its dynamical state through the analysis of redshift-space distortions. The detectable WHIM, which is typically associated with the outskirts of virialized regions rather than the filaments, has a non-zero correlation function with slope γ=−1.7 ± 0.1 and correlation length r0= 4.0 ± 0.1 Mpc h−1 in the range r= [4.5, 12] Mpc h−1. Redshift-space distances can be measured to assess the dynamical properties of the gas that we predict to be typically infalling on to large virialized structures.

Keywords: diffuse radiation; large-scale structure of Universe; X-rays: diffuse background

Journal Article.  14448 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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