Journal Article

Exploring the effects of pressure on the radial accretion of dark matter by a Schwarzschild supermassive black hole

F. S. Guzmán and F. D. Lora-Clavijo

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 1, pages 225-234
Published in print July 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Exploring the effects of pressure on the radial accretion of dark matter by a Schwarzschild supermassive black hole

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Based on the numerical solution of the time-dependent relativistic Euler equations on to a fixed Schwarzschild background space–time, we estimate the accretion rate of radial flow towards the horizon of a test perfect fluid obeying an ideal gas equation of state. We explore the accretion rate in terms of the initial density of the fluid for various values of the inflow velocity in order to investigate whether or not sufficiently arbitrary initial conditions allow a steady state accretion process depending on the values of the pressure. We extrapolate our results to the case where the fluid corresponds to dark matter and the black hole is a supermassive black hole seed. Then we estimate the equation of state parameters that provide a steady state accretion process. We found that when the pressure of the dark matter is zero, the black hole’s mass grows up to values that are orders of magnitude above 109 M during a lapse of 10 Gyr, whereas in the case of the accretion of the ideal gas dark matter with non-zero pressure the accreted mass can be of the order of ∼1 M/10 Gyr for black holes of 106 M. This would imply that if dark matter near a supermassive black hole acquires an equation of state with non-trivial pressure, the contribution of accreted dark matter to the supermassive black hole growth could be small, even though only radial accretion is considered.

Keywords: accretion, accretion discs; black hole physics; dark matter

Journal Article.  6016 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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