Journal Article

Sunyaev–Zel’dovich observation of the Bullet-like cluster Abell 2146 with the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager*

Carmen Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Malak Olamaie, Matthew L. Davies, Andy C. Fabian, Farhan Feroz, Thomas M. O. Franzen, Keith J. B. Grainge, Michael P. Hobson, Natasha Hurley-Walker, Anthony N. Lasenby, Guy G. Pooley, Helen R. Russell, Jeremy S. Sanders, Richard D. E. Saunders, Anna M. M. Scaife, Michel P. Schammel, Paul F. Scott, Timothy W. Shimwell, David J. Titterington, Elizabeth M. Waldram and Jonathan T. L. Zwart

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 414, issue 4, pages 3751-3763
Published in print July 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Sunyaev–Zel’dovich observation of the Bullet-like cluster Abell 2146 with the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager*

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We present 13.9–18.2 GHz observations of the Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (SZ) effect towards Abell 2146 using the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager (AMI). The cluster is detected with a peak signal-to-noise ratio of 13σ in the radio source subtracted map from 9 h of data. Comparison of the SZ image with the X-ray image from Russell et al. suggests that both have extended regions which lie approximately perpendicular to one another, with their emission peaks significantly displaced. These features indicate non-uniformities in the distributions of the gas temperature and pressure, and suggest complex dynamics indicative of a cluster merger. We use a fast, Bayesian cluster analysis to explore the high-dimensional parameter space of the cluster-plus-sources model to obtain robust cluster parameter estimates in the presence of radio point sources, receiver noise and primordial cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy; despite the substantial radio emission from the direction of Abell 2146, the probability of SZ + CMB primordial structure + radio sources + receiver noise to CMB + radio sources + receiver noise is 3 × 106 : 1. We compare the results from three different cluster models. Our preferred model exploits the observation that the gas fractions do not appear to vary greatly between clusters. Given the relative masses of the two merging systems in Abell 2146, the mean gas temperature can be deduced from the virial theorem (assuming all of the kinetic energy is in the form of internal gas energy) without being affected significantly by the merger event, provided the primary cluster was virialized before the merger. In this model we fit a simple spherical isothermal β-model to our data, despite the inadequacy of this model for a merging system like Abell 2146, and assume the cluster follows the mass–temperature relation of a virialized, singular, isothermal sphere. We note that this model avoids inferring large-scale cluster parameters internal to r200 under the widely used assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium. We find that at r200 the average total mass MT= (4.1 ± 0.5) × 1014 h−1 M and the mean gas temperature T= 4.5 ± 0.5 keV.

Keywords: galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 2146; cosmic background radiation; cosmology observations

Journal Article.  8725 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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