Journal Article

Star formation in bright-rimmed clouds and clusters associated with the W5 E H <span class="smallCaps">ii</span> region

Neelam Chauhan, A. K. Pandey, K. Ogura, J. Jose, D. K. Ojha, M. R. Samal and H. Mito

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 2, pages 1202-1219
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18742.x
Star formation in bright-rimmed clouds and clusters associated with the W5 E H ii region

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The aim of this paper is to present the results of photometric investigations of the central cluster of the W5 E H ii region as well as a follow-up study of the triggered star formation in and around bright-rimmed clouds (BRCs). We have carried out wide-field UBVIC and deep VIC photometry of the W5 E H ii region. A distance of ∼2.1 kpc and a mean age of ∼1.3 Myr have been obtained for the central cluster. The young stellar objects (YSOs) associated with the region are identified on the basis of near-infrared and mid-infrared observations. We confirmed our earlier results that the average age of the YSOs lying on/inside the rim is younger than those lying outside the rim. The global distribution of the YSOs shows an aligned distribution from the ionizing source to the BRCs. These facts indicate that a series of radiation-driven implosion processes proceeded from near the central ionizing source towards the periphery of the W5 E H ii region. We found that, in general, the age distributions of the Class II and Class III sources are the same. This result is apparently in contradiction to the conclusion by Bertout, Siess & Cabrit and Chauhan et al. that classical T Tauri stars evolve to weak-line T Tauri stars. The initial mass function of the central cluster region in the mass range 0.4 ≤M/M≤ 30 can be represented by Γ=−1.29 ± 0.04. The cumulative mass functions indicate that in the mass range 0.2 ≤M/M≤ 0.8, the cluster region and BRC NW have more low-mass YSOs compared to BRCs 13 and 14.

Keywords: stars: formation; stars: pre-main-sequence; ISM: clouds; H ii regions

Journal Article.  10797 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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