Journal Article

Radiation feedback on dusty clouds during Seyfert activity

M. Schartmann, M. Krause and A. Burkert

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 1, pages 741-752
Published in print July 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Radiation feedback on dusty clouds during Seyfert activity

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We investigate the evolution of dusty gas clouds falling into the centre of an active Seyfert nucleus. 2D high-resolution radiation hydrodynamics simulations are performed to study the fate of single clouds and the interaction between two clouds approaching the active galactic nucleus. We find three distinct phases of the evolution of the cloud: (i) formation of a lenticular shape with dense inner rim caused by the interaction of gravity and radiation pressure (the lense phase); (ii) formation of a clumpy sickle-shaped structure as the result of a converging flow (the clumpy sickle phase) and (iii) a filamentary phase caused by a rapidly varying optical depth along the sickle. Depending on the column density of the cloud, it will either be pushed outwards or its central (highest column density) parts move inwards, while there is always some material pushed outwards by radiation pressure effects. The general dynamical evolution of the cloud can approximately be described by a simple analytical model.

Keywords: hydrodynamics; radiative transfer; ISM: clouds; dust, extinction; ISM: structure; galaxies: Seyfert

Journal Article.  7900 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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