Journal Article

The Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey – IV. The NGC 7448 region and the H <span class="smallCaps">i</span> mass function

J. I. Davies, R. Auld, L. Burns, R. Minchin, E. Momjian, S. Schneider, M. Smith, R. Taylor and W. van Driel

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 2, pages 1883-1894
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
The Arecibo Galaxy Environment Survey – IV. The NGC 7448 region and the H i mass function

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In this paper we describe results from the Arecibo Galaxy Environments Survey (AGES). The survey reaches column densities of ∼3 × 1018 cm−2 and masses of ∼107 M, over individual regions of order 10 deg2 in size, out to a maximum velocity of 18 000 km s−1. Each surveyed region is centred on a nearby galaxy, group or cluster, in this instance the NGC 7448 group. Galaxy interactions in the NGC 7448 group reveal themselves through the identification of tidal tails and bridges. We find ∼2.5 times more atomic gas in the intergalactic medium than in the group galaxies. We identify five new dwarf galaxies, two of which appear to be members of the NGC 7448 group. This is too small, by roughly an order of magnitude, a number of dwarf galaxies to reconcile observation with theoretical predictions of galaxy formation models. If they had observed this region of the sky in previous wide-area blind H i surveys, HIPASS and ALFALFA, they would have detected only 5 and 43 per cent, respectively, of the galaxies we have detected, missing a large fraction of the atomic gas in this volume. We combine the data from this paper with that from our other AGES papers (370 galaxies) to derive an H i mass function with the following Schechter function parameters: α=−1.52(±0.05), M*= 5.1(±0.3) × 109 h−272 M, ϕ= 8.6(±1.1) × 10−3 h372 Mpc−3 dex−1. Integrating the mass function leads to a cosmic mass density of atomic hydrogen of ΩH I= 5.3 (± 0.8) × 10−4 h−172. Our mass function is steeper than that found by both HIPASS and ALFALFA (α= 1.37 and 1.33, respectively), while our cosmic mass density is consistent with ALFALFA, but 1.7 times larger than found by HIPASS.

Keywords: galaxies: general; galaxies: groups: individual: NGC 7448; galaxies: ISM; radio lines: ISM

Journal Article.  10446 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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