Journal Article

<i>Fermi</i>/GBM and BATSE gamma-ray bursts: comparison of the spectral properties

L. Nava, G. Ghirlanda, G. Ghisellini and A. Celotti

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 4, pages 3153-3162
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18928.x
Fermi/GBM and BATSE gamma-ray bursts: comparison of the spectral properties

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The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) on board Fermi allows us to study the spectra of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) over an unprecedented wide energy range (8 keV–35 MeV). We compare the spectral properties of short and long GRBs detected by the GBM (up to 2010 March) with those of GRBs detected by the Burst And Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO). GBM and BATSE long bursts have similar distributions of fluence (F), Eobspeak and peak flux (P) but GBM bursts have a slightly harder low-energy spectral index α with respect to BATSE GRBs. GBM and BATSE short bursts have similar distributions of fluence, α and peak flux, with GBM bursts having slightly larger Eobspeak. We discuss these properties in light of the correlations found between Eobspeak and the fluence and the peak flux. GBM bursts confirm that these correlations are not determined by instrumental selection effects. Indeed, GBM bursts extend the EobspeakF and EobspeakP correlations both in fluence/peak flux and in peak energy. No GBM long burst with Eobspeak exceeding a few MeV is found, despite the possibility of detecting it. Similarly to what is found with BATSE, there are 3 per cent of GBM long bursts (and almost all short ones) that are outliers at more than 3σ of the EpeakEiso correlation. In contrast, there is no outlier of the EpeakLiso correlation, for both long and short GBM bursts.

Keywords: radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; gamma-ray burst: general

Journal Article.  8302 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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