Journal Article

Estimating the mass of the debris disc in HD 69830

Kevin Heng

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 4, pages 3365-3368
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18950.x
Estimating the mass of the debris disc in HD 69830

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We present a method to estimate the mass of the debris disc in the HD 69830 system, which also hosts three exoplanets with Neptune-like minimum masses. By considering the range of published stellar ages, we interpret the infrared emission from the debris disc as originating from a steady-state, collisional cascade of dust grains. Using dynamical survival models subjected to observational constraints, we estimate the allowed range of disc masses. If the disc has an age t≈ 1 Gyr, then its mass is Mdisc≈ 3–4 × 10−3 M, several times more massive than our asteroid belt. The maximum allowed age for the disc and the number of planetesimals it contains are determined by the assumed value for the binding energy of the planetesimals. If one insists on interpreting the disc as being transient, then this mass estimate becomes an upper limit.

Keywords: minor planets, asteroids: general; planets and satellites: general

Journal Article.  2489 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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