Journal Article

The updated luminosity correlations of gamma-ray bursts and cosmological implications

Fa-Yin Wang, Shi Qi and Zi-Gao Dai

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 4, pages 3423-3433
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18961.x
The updated luminosity correlations of gamma-ray bursts and cosmological implications

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Several interesting luminosity correlations among gamma-ray burst (GRB) variables have been recently discussed extensively. In this paper, we derive six luminosity correlations (τlagL, VL, EpeakL, EpeakEγ, τRTL, EpeakEγ, iso) from the light curves and spectra of the latest 116 long GRBs, including the time lag (τlag) between low and high photon energy light curves, the variability (V) of the light curve, the peak energy of the spectrum (Epeak) and the minimum rise time (τRT) of the peaks. We find using the latest GRB data that the intrinsic scatter of the VL correlation is too large and that there seems to be no inherent correlation between the two parameters. The other five correlations indeed exist when the sample is enlarged. The EpeakEγ correlation has a significantly lower intrinsic scatter compared to the other correlations. We divide the full data into four redshift bins when testing possible evolution of the correlations with redshift. We find no statistically significant evidence for the redshift evolution of the luminosity correlations. To avoid the circularity problem when constraining the cosmological parameters, we simultaneously minimize χ2 with respect to both the correlation parameters a, b and the cosmological parameters using the maximum likelihood method. For the flat ΛCDM, the best fit is Ωm= 0.31+0.13− 0.10. We also constrain the possible evolution of the equation of state (EOS) of the dark energy using the GRBs together with the Union2 compilation of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and the H(z) data. The result is consistent with the cosmological constant at 2σ confidence level and, mainly due to the GRB data, the dark energy EOS shows slight deviation from −1 at z ≥ 0.5 as was persistently presented in many previous data sets.

Keywords: gamma-ray burst: general; cosmological parameters; cosmology: observations; distance scale

Journal Article.  5978 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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