Journal Article

Standardizing the gamma-ray bursts with the Amati <i>E</i><sub>p,i</sub>–<i>E</i><sub>iso</sub> relation: the updated Hubble diagram and implications for cosmography

Marek Demianski and Ester Piedipalumbo

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 4, pages 3580-3590
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Standardizing the gamma-ray bursts with the Amati Ep,i–Eiso relation: the updated Hubble diagram and implications for cosmography

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The correlation between the peak photon energy of the internal spectrum Ep, i and isotropic equivalent radiated energy Eiso (the Amati relation) is explored in a scalar field model of dark energy. Using an updated data set of 109 high-redshift gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), we show that the correlation parameters only weakly depend on the cosmological model. Once the parameters of the Amati relation have been determined, we use this relation to construct a fiducial GRB Hubble diagram (HD) that extends up to redshifts ∼8. Moreover, we apply a local regression technique to estimate, in a model-independent way, the distance modulus from the recently updated Union Type Ia supernova (SNIa) sample, containing 557 SNIa spanning the redshift range of 0.015 ≤z≤ 1.55. The derived calibration parameters are used to construct an updated GRB HD, which we call the calibrated GRB HD. We also compare the fiducial and calibrated GRB HDs, which turned out to be fully statistically consistent, thus indicating that they are not affected by any systematic bias induced by the different calibration procedures. This means that the high-redshift GRBs can be used to test different models of dark energy settling the circularity problem. Furthermore, we investigate possible evolutionary effects that might have important influence on our results. Our analysis indicates that the presently available GRB data sets do not show statistically unambiguous evolutionary effect with the cosmological redshift. Finally, we propose another approach to calibrate the GRB relations, by using an approximate luminosity–distance relation, which holds in any cosmological model. We use this calibration of the Amati relation to construct an empirical approximate HD, which we compare with the calibrated GRB HD. We finally investigate the implications of this approach for the high-redshift cosmography.

Keywords: gamma-ray burst: general; cosmological parameters; distance scale

Journal Article.  7056 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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