Journal Article

On the alleged duality of the Galactic halo

Ralph Schönrich, Martin Asplund and Luca Casagrande

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 415, issue 4, pages 3807-3823
Published in print August 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
On the alleged duality of the Galactic halo

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We examine the kinematics of the Galactic halo based on SDSS/SEGUE data by Carollo et al. We find that their claims of a counter-rotating halo are the result of substantial biases in distance estimates (of the order of 50 per cent): the claimed retrograde component, which makes up only a tiny fraction of the entire sample, prone to contaminations, is identified as the tail of distance overestimates. The strong overestimates also result in a lift in the vertical velocity component, which explains the large altitudes those objects were claimed to reach. Errors are worst for the lowest metallicity stars, which explains the metal-poor nature of the artificial component. We also argue that measurement errors were not properly accounted for and that the use of Gaussian fitting on intrinsically non-Gaussian Galactic components invokes the identification of components that are distorted or even artificial. Our evaluation of the data leads to a revision of the estimated velocity ellipsoids and does not yield any reliable evidence for a counter-rotating halo component. If a distinct counter-rotating halo component exists, then it must be far weaker than claimed by Carollo et al. Finally, we note that their revised analysis presented in Beers et al. does not alleviate our main concerns.

Keywords: stars: distances; Galaxy: halo; Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics; solar neighbourhood; Galaxy: structure; galaxies: haloes

Journal Article.  13994 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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