Journal Article

Virialization of high-redshift dark matter haloes

Andrew J. Davis, Anson D’Aloisio and Priyamvada Natarajan

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 416, issue 1, pages 242-247
Published in print September 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Virialization of high-redshift dark matter haloes

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We present results of a study of the virial state of high-redshift dark matter haloes in an N-body simulation. We find that the majority of collapsed, bound haloes are not virialized at any redshift slice in our study (z= 15 − 6) and have excess kinetic energy. At these redshifts, merging is still rampant and the haloes cannot strictly be treated as isolated systems. To assess if this excess kinetic energy arises from the environment, we include the surface pressure term in the virial equation explicitly and relax the assumption that the density at the halo boundary is zero. Upon inclusion of the surface term, we find that the haloes are much closer to virialization; however, they still have some excess kinetic energy. We report trends of the virial ratio including the extra surface term with three key halo properties: spin, environment and concentration. We find that haloes with closer neighbours depart more from virialization and that haloes with larger spin parameters do as well. We conclude that except at the lowest masses (M < 106 M), dark matter haloes at high redshift are not fully virialized. This finding has interesting implications for galaxy formation at these high redshifts, as the excess kinetic energy will impact the subsequent collapse of baryons and the formation of the first discs and/or baryonic structures.

Keywords: galaxies: high-redshift; dark matter

Journal Article.  4125 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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