Journal Article

Dark halo response and the stellar initial mass function in early-type and late-type galaxies

Aaron A. Dutton, Charlie Conroy, Frank C. van den Bosch, Luc Simard, J. Trevor Mendel, Stéphane Courteau, Avishai Dekel, Surhud More and Francisco Prada

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 416, issue 1, pages 322-345
Published in print September 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19038.x
Dark halo response and the stellar initial mass function in early-type and late-type galaxies

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We investigate the origin of the relations between stellar mass and optical circular velocity for early-type galaxies (ETGs) and late-type galaxies (LTGs) – the Faber–Jackson (FJ) and Tully–Fisher (TF) relations. We combine measurements of dark halo masses (from satellite kinematics and weak lensing), and the distribution of baryons in galaxies (from a new compilation of galaxy scaling relations), with constraints on dark halo structure from cosmological simulations. The principal unknowns are the halo response to galaxy formation and the stellar initial mass function (IMF). The slopes of the TF and FJ relations are naturally reproduced for a wide range of halo response and IMFs. However, models with a universal IMF and universal halo response cannot simultaneously reproduce the zero-points of both the TF and FJ relations. For a model with a universal Chabrier IMF, LTGs require halo expansion, while ETGs require halo contraction. A Salpeter IMF is permitted for high-mass (σ≳ 180 km s−1) ETGs, but is inconsistent for intermediate masses, unless Vcirc(Re)/σe≳ 1.6. If the IMF is universal and close to Chabrier, we speculate that the presence of a major merger may be responsible for the contraction in ETGs while clumpy accreting streams and/or feedback leads to expansion in LTGs. Alternatively, a recently proposed variation in the IMF disfavours halo contraction in both types of galaxies. Finally we show that our models naturally reproduce flat and featureless circular velocity profiles within the optical regions of galaxies without fine-tuning.

Keywords: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD; galaxies: fundamental parameters; galaxies: haloes; galaxies: spiral; galaxies: structure; dark matter

Journal Article.  18730 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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