Journal Article

Dark subhaloes and disturbances in extended H <span class="smallCaps">i</span> discs

Philip Chang and Sukanya Chakrabarti

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 416, issue 1, pages 618-628
Published in print September 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19071.x
Dark subhaloes and disturbances in extended H i discs

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We develop a perturbative approach to study the excitation of disturbances in the extended atomic hydrogen (H i) discs of galaxies produced by passing dark matter subhaloes. The shallow gravitational potential of the dark matter subhaloes (compared to the primary halo) allows us to use the epicyclic approximation, the equations of which we solve by modal analysis, that is, assuming a disc is composed of N radial rings with M modes. We show that properties of dark matter subhaloes can be inferred from the profile and amplitude of the modal energy of the disc. Namely, we find that the overall amplitude of the response gives the mass of the dark subhalo. Motivated by this modal analysis, we then show that the density response shows similar features. Finally, we show that our results agree with those from full hydrodynamic simulations. We find a simple scaling relation between the satellite mass and the low-order Fourier amplitudes of the resultant surface density of the gas disc where the effective Fourier amplitude (essentially a sum over the low-order modes) scales as m1/2s, where ms is the satellite mass. The utility of this relation is that it can be readily applied to an observed H i map to deduce the satellite mass without recourse to full numerical simulations. This will greatly aid us in analysing large samples of spiral galaxies to constrain the population of dwarf satellites in the Local Volume.

Keywords: galaxies: general; galaxies: interactions; dark matter

Journal Article.  6380 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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