Journal Article

Massive, red galaxies in a hierarchical universe – II. Clustering of Extremely Red Objects

V. Gonzalez-Perez, C. M. Baugh, C. G. Lacey and J.-W. Kim

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 417, issue 1, pages 517-531
Published in print October 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online October 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19294.x
Massive, red galaxies in a hierarchical universe – II. Clustering of Extremely Red Objects

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We present predictions for the clustering of Extremely Red Objects (EROs) in a Λ cold dark matter universe, using a semi-analytical galaxy formation model in combination with a cosmological N-body simulation. EROs are red, massive galaxies observed at 0.7 ≲z≲ 3, and their numbers and properties have posed a challenge to hierarchical galaxy formation models. We analyse the halo occupation distribution and two-point correlation function of EROs, exploring how these quantities change with apparent magnitude, colour cut and redshift. Our model predicts a halo occupation distribution that is significantly different from that typically assumed. This is due to the inclusion of active galactic nuclei (AGN) feedback, which changes the slope and scatter of the luminosity–host halo mass relation above the mass where AGN feedback first becomes important. We predict that, on average, dark matter haloes with masses above 1013 h−1 M host at least one ERO at 1.5 ≤z≤ 2.5. Taking into account sample variance in observational estimates, the predicted angular clustering for EROs with either (RK) > 5 or (iK) > 4.5 is in reasonable agreement with current observations.

Keywords: galaxies: evolution; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: luminosity function, mass function; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  13698 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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