Journal Article

Dark matter-rich early-type galaxies in the CASSOWARY 5 strong lensing system

C. Grillo and L. Christensen

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 418, issue 2, pages 929-937
Published in print December 2011 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online November 2011 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19544.x
Dark matter-rich early-type galaxies in the CASSOWARY 5 strong lensing system

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We study the strong gravitational lensing system number 5 identified by the CAmbridge Sloan Survey Of Wide ARcs in the skY (CASSOWARY). In this system, a source at redshift 1.069 is lensed into four detected images by two early-type galaxies at redshift 0.388. The average projected angular distance of the multiple images from the primary lens is 12.6 kpc, corresponding to approximately 1.3 times the value of the galaxy effective radius. The observed positions of the multiple images are well reproduced by a model in which the total mass distribution of the deflector is described in terms of two singular isothermal sphere profiles and a small external shear component. The values of the effective velocity dispersions of the two lens galaxies are 328+7− 8 and 350+17− 18 km s−1. The best-fitting lensing model predicts magnification values larger than 2 for each multiple image and a total magnification factor of 17. By modelling the lens galaxy spectral energy distributions, we measure lens luminous masses of (3.09 ± 0.30) × 1011 and (5.87 ± 0.58) × 1011 M and stellar mass-to-light ratios of 2.5 ± 0.3 and 2.8 ± 0.3 M L−1⊙, i (in the observed i band). These values are used to disentangle the luminous and dark matter components in the vicinity of the multiple images. We estimate that the dark over total mass ratio projected within a cylinder centred on the primary lens and with a radius of 12.6 kpc is 0.8 ± 0.1. Inside the effective radii of the two galaxies, we measure projected total mass-to-light ratios of 12.6 ± 1.4 and 13.1 ± 1.7 M L−1⊙, i. We contrast these measurements with the typical values found at similar distances (in units of the effective radius) in isolated lens galaxies and show that the amount of dark matter present in these lens galaxies is almost a factor 4 larger than in field lens galaxies with comparable luminous masses. Data and models are therefore consistent with interpreting the lens of this system as a galaxy group. We infer that the overdense environment and dark matter concentration in these galaxies must have affected the assembly of the lens luminous mass components, resulting in the large values of the galaxy effective radii. We conclude that further multidiagnostics analyses on the internal properties of galaxy groups have the potential of providing us a unique insight into the complex baryonic and dark matter physics interplay that rules the formation of cosmological structures.

Keywords: gravitational lensing: strong; galaxies: groups: individual: CASSOWARY 5; galaxies: stellar content; galaxies: structure; dark matter

Journal Article.  6205 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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