Journal Article

Optical spectroscopy of the quiescent counterpart to EXO 0748−676: a black widow scenario?

E. M. Ratti, D. T. H. Steeghs, P. G. Jonker, M. A. P. Torres, C. G. Bassa and F. Verbunt

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 420, issue 1, pages 75-83
Published in print February 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online January 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19999.x
Optical spectroscopy of the quiescent counterpart to EXO 0748−676: a black widow scenario?

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We present phase-resolved optical spectroscopy of the counterpart to the neutron star (NS) low-mass X-ray binary EXO 0748−676, almost one year after it turned into quiescence. The spectra display prominent Hβ and Hγ and weak Fe ii lines in emission. An average of all the spectra (corrected for the orbital motion) also exhibits a very weak line from Mg i. Tomographic reconstructions show that the accretion disc is not contributing to the optical line emission, which is instead dominated by the irradiated hemisphere of the companion star facing the NS. We could not detect absorption features from the mass donor star in the spectra. The emission lines appear broad, with an intrinsic full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 255 ± 22 km s−1. Under the assumption that the width of the Fe ii emission lines is dominated by rotational broadening, we obtain a lower limit on the compact object mass which is inconsistent with an NS accretor. We discuss this incongruity and conclude that either the lines are blends of unresolved features (although this requires some fine-tuning) or they are broadened by additional effects such as bulk gas motion in an outflow. The fact that the Fe ii lines slightly lag in phase with respect to the companion star can be understood as outflowing gas consistent with a black-widow-like scenario. Nevertheless, we cannot rule out the possibility that blends of various emission lines cause the apparent phase lag of the Fe ii emission lines as well as their large width.

Keywords: accretion, accretion discs; binaries eclipsing; stars: individual (EXO 0748−676); X-rays: binaries; X-rays: individual: EXO 0748−676

Journal Article.  7329 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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