Journal Article

Broad-band observations of the Be/X-ray binary pulsar RX J0440.9+4431: discovery of a cyclotron absorption line

S. S. Tsygankov, R. A. Krivonos and A. A. Lutovinov

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 421, issue 3, pages 2407-2413
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online April 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20475.x
Broad-band observations of the Be/X-ray binary pulsar RX J0440.9+4431: discovery of a cyclotron absorption line

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We report the results of an analysis of data obtained with the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), Swift and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observatories during the 2010 April and September outbursts of the X-ray pulsar RX J0440.9+4431. The temporal and spectral properties of the pulsar in a wide energy band (0.6–120 keV) were studied for the first time. We discovered a ∼32-keV cyclotron resonant scattering feature in the source spectrum that allowed us to estimate the magnetic field strength of the neutron star as B≃ 3.2 × 1012 G. The estimate of the magnetic field strength was confirmed by a comprehensive analysis of the noise power spectrum of the source. Based on the recurrence time between Type I outbursts, the orbital period of the binary system can be estimated as ∼155 d. We have shown that the pulse profile has a sinusoidal-like single-peaked shape and has practically no dependence on the source luminosity or energy band.

Keywords: pulsars: individual: RX J0440.9+4431; X-ray: binaries

Journal Article.  5235 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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