Journal Article

Radio emission in the cosmic web

Pablo A. Araya-Melo, Miguel A. Aragón-Calvo, Marcus Brüggen and Matthias Hoeft

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 423, issue 3, pages 2325-2341
Published in print July 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21042.x
Radio emission in the cosmic web

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We explore the possibility of detecting radio emission in the cosmic web by analysing shock waves in the MareNostrum cosmological simulation. This requires a careful calibration of shock finding algorithms in smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations, which we present here. Moreover, we identify the elements of the cosmic web, namely voids, walls, filaments and clusters with the use of the SpineWeb technique, a procedure that classifies the structure in terms of its topology. Thus, we are able to study the Mach number distribution as a function of its environment. We find that the median Mach number for clusters is , for filaments is , for walls is and for voids is . We then estimate the radio emission in the cosmic web using the formalism derived in Hoeft & Brüggen. We also find that in order to match our simulations with observational data [e.g. NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) radio relic luminosity function], a fraction of energy dissipated at the shock of ξe= 0.0005 is needed, in contrast with the ξe= 0.005 proposed by Hoeft et al. We find that 41 per cent of clusters with M≥ 1014 M host diffuse radio emission in the form of radio relics. Moreover, we predict that the radio flux from filaments should be Jy at a frequency of 150 MHz.

Keywords: hydrodynamics; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; shock waves; methods: numerical; cosmology: theory; large-scale structure of Universe

Journal Article.  12079 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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