Journal Article

The black hole candidate XTE J1752−223 towards and in quiescence: optical and simultaneous X-ray–radio observations

E. M. Ratti, P. G. Jonker, J. C. A. Miller-Jones, M. A. P. Torres, J. Homan, S. Markoff, J. A. Tomsick, P. Kaaret, R. Wijnands, E. Gallo, F. Özel, D. T. H. Steeghs and R. P. Fender

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 423, issue 3, pages 2656-2667
Published in print July 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21071.x
The black hole candidate XTE J1752−223 towards and in quiescence: optical and simultaneous X-ray–radio observations

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We present optical, X-ray and radio observations of the black hole transient (BHT) XTE J1752−223 towards and in quiescence. Optical photometry shows that the quiescent magnitude of XTE J1752−223 is fainter than 24.4 mag in the i′ band. A comparison with measurements of the source during its 2009–2010 outburst shows that the outburst amplitude is more than 8 mag in the i′ band. Known X-ray properties of the source combined with the faintness of the quiescence optical counterpart and the large outburst optical amplitude point towards a short orbital-period system (Porb≲ 6.8 h) with an M type (or later) mass donor, at a distance of 3.5 ≲d≲ 8 kpc. Simultaneous X-ray and radio data were collected with Chandra and the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA), allowing constraints to be placed on the quiescent X-ray and radio flux of XTE J1752−223. Furthermore, using data covering the final stage of the outburst decay, we investigated the low-luminosity end of the X-ray–radio correlation for this source and compared it with other BHTs. We found that XTE J1752−223 adds to the number of outliers with respect to the ‘standard’ X-ray–radio luminosity relation. Furthermore, XTE J1752−223 is the second source, after the BHT H1743−322, that shows a transition from the region of the outliers towards the ‘standard’ correlation at low luminosity. Finally, we report on a faint, variable X-ray source we discovered with Chandra at an angular distance of ∼2.9 arcsec to XTE J1752−223 and at a position angle consistent with that of the radio jets previously observed from the BHT. We discuss the possibility that we detected X-ray emission associated with a jet from XTE J1752−223.

Keywords: accretion, accretion discs; binaries: general; stars: individual: XTE J1752−223; X-rays: binaries

Journal Article.  9786 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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