Journal Article

Multiwavelength observations of the Type IIb supernova 2009mg⋆

S. R. Oates, A. J. Bayless, M. D. Stritzinger, T. Prichard, J. L. Prieto, S. Immler, P. J. Brown, A. A. Breeveld, M. De Pasquale, N. P. M. Kuin, M. Hamuy, S. T. Holland, F. Taddia and P. W. A. Roming

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 424, issue 2, pages 1297-1306
Published in print August 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online August 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI:
Multiwavelength observations of the Type IIb supernova 2009mg⋆

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We present Swift Ultra-Violet Optical Telescope and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) observations, and visual wavelength spectroscopy of the Type IIb supernova (SN) 2009mg, discovered in the Sb galaxy ESO 121-G26. The observational properties of SN 2009mg are compared to the prototype Type IIb SNe 1993J and 2008ax, with which we find many similarities. However, minor differences are discernible including SN 2009mg not exhibiting an initial fast decline or u-band upturn as observed in the comparison objects, and its rise to maximum is somewhat slower leading to slightly broader light curves. The late-time temporal index of SN 2009mg, determined from 40 d post-explosion, is consistent with the decay rate of SN 1993J, but inconsistent with the decay of 56Co. This suggests leakage of γ-rays out of the ejecta and a stellar mass on the small side of the mass distribution. Our XRT non-detection provides an upper limit on the mass-loss rate of the progenitor of . Modelling of the SN light curve indicates a kinetic energy of 0.15+0.02−0.13, an ejecta mass of 0.56+0.10−0.26 and a 56Ni mass of 0.10 ± 0.01 M.

Keywords: supernovae: individual: SN 2009mg

Journal Article.  6444 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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