Journal Article

Chemical compositions of stars in two stellar streams from the Galactic thick disc

P. Ramya, Bacham E. Reddy and David L. Lambert

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 425, issue 4, pages 3188-3200
Published in print October 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online October 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21677.x
Chemical compositions of stars in two stellar streams from the Galactic thick disc

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We present abundances for 20 elements for stars in two stellar streams identified by Arifyanto & Fuchs: 18 stars from the Arcturus stream and 26 from a new stream, which we call the AF06 stream, both from the Galactic thick disc. Results show that both streams are metal poor and very old (10–14 Gyr) with kinematics and abundances overlapping with the properties of local field thick-disc stars. Both streams exhibit a range in metallicity but with relative elemental abundances that are identical to those of thick-disc stars of the same metallicity. These results show that neither stream can result from dissolution of an open cluster. It is highly unlikely that either stream represents tidal debris from an accreted satellite galaxy. Both streams most probably owe their origin to dynamical perturbations within the Galaxy.

Keywords: stars: abundances; subdwarfs; Galaxy: disc; Galaxy: evolution; Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics; Galaxy: structure

Journal Article.  6395 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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