Journal Article

Using <i>MOST</i> to reveal the secrets of the mischievous Wolf—Rayet binary CV Ser

Alexandre David-Uraz, Anthony F. J. Moffat, André-Nicolas Chené, Jason F. Rowe, Nicholas Lange, David B. Guenther, Rainer Kuschnig, Jaymie M. Matthews, Slavek M. Rucinski, Dimitar Sasselov and Werner W. Weiss

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 426, issue 3, pages 1720-1730
Published in print November 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online November 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21736.x
Using MOST to reveal the secrets of the mischievous Wolf—Rayet binary CV Ser

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Abstract

The Wolf–Rayet (WR) binary CV Serpentis (= WR113, WC8d + O8-9IV) has been a source of mystery since it was shown that its atmospheric eclipses change with time over decades, in addition to its sporadic dust production. The first high-precision time-dependent photometric observations obtained with the Microvariability and Oscillations of STars (MOST) space telescope in 2009 show two consecutive eclipses over the 29-d orbit, with varying depths. A subsequent MOST run in 2010 showed a seemingly asymmetric eclipse profile. In order to help make sense of these observations, parallel optical spectroscopy was obtained from the Mont Megantic Observatory (2009, 2010) and from the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (2009). Assuming these depth variations are entirely due to electron scattering in a β-law wind, an unprecedented 62 per cent increase in is observed over one orbital period. Alternatively, no change in mass-loss rate would be required if a relatively small fraction of the carbon ions in the wind globally recombined and coaggulated to form carbon dust grains. However, it remains a mystery as to how this could occur. There also seems to be evidence for the presence of corotating interaction regions (CIR) in the WR wind: a CIR-like signature is found in the light curves, implying a potential rotation period for the WR star of 1.6 d. Finally, a new circular orbit is derived, along with constraints for the wind collision.

Keywords: binaries: eclipsing; stars: mass-loss; stars: winds, outflows; stars: Wolf–Rayet

Journal Article.  6880 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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